Hattie McDaniel became the first African-American to win an Academy Award. Her memorable performance as "Mammy" in GONE WITH THE WIND earned her the Best Supporting Actress trophy in 1939.

Other African-American actors who have won the Oscar are:
Sidney Poitier - Best Actor 1963, LILIES OF THE FIELD
Louis Gossett, Jr. - Best Supporting Actor 1982, AN OFFICER AND A GENTLEMAN
Denzel Washington - Best Supporting Actor 1989, GLORY
Whoopi Goldberg - Best Supporting Actress 1990, GHOST
Cuba Gooding, Jr. - Best Supporting Actor 1996, JERRY MCGUIRE
Halle Berry - Best Actress 2002, MONSTER'S BALL
Denzel Washington - Best Actor 2002, TRAINING DAY