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ANT 4352 Professor Chalfin
Peoples of Africa Spring 2007

Library resources for
Ethnography of urban Africa

1. Reference resources and guidebooks

Browse the Humanities & Social Sciences (H & SS) Reference area in Library West for overviews of African (or world) countries, cultures and cities. Urban issues and themes (case studies, surveys of popular culture, maps, etc.) relating to Africa may be collected together in more general materials (i.e. world, Third World or developing areas, housing issues, urbanization). These resources will lead you to more specific academic sources in the book stacks or journal literature (check the suggested readings, references cited and bibliography sections as you review relevant items).

The library's Key Resources in Anthropology page provides a number of links to resources that you may find useful in this course and in your other anthropology courses. AnthroSource is a particularly relevant and useful resource: I ran a quick search "African colonial city" and got back 1,653 matches in journals as recent as the past few months (a better focused search would improve the relevance of and reduce false matches in these results).

Numerous travel and tour guides ("guidebooks" is the catalog subject term, so include it in keyword searches to improve your results) are available for African regions, countries and for some individual cities or touristic destinations. Some European tourism company and national government promotional guides (e.g. world and colonial expositions) have been published for over 100 years and can provide an interesting historical perspective on travel and tourism (e.g. Thomas Cook Ltd., Cook's Tours, Fodor's, the Karl Baedeker firm). More recent Bradt, Footprint, Globetrotter, Let's Go, Lonely Planet, On a Shoestring, Rough Guides and other popular guide series (including some African-published titles) can also be very good sources of information that may be difficult to find elsewhere. Note that the Architecture and Fine Arts Library houses materials relating to Urban & Regional Planning. Also note that annotations in bibliographies can save you time in shelf browsing (and retrievals), leading you directly to your primary areas of interest.

Africa South of the Sahara. London: Europa Publications Ltd.
SMATHERS LIBRARY Reference: DT351 .A37 (Latest 3 eds.).

Atlas of world cultures: a geographical guide to ethnographic literature. David H. Price. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1989. Includes bibliographical references (p. 99-125) and index.
SMATHERS LIBRARY Reference (Library Use Only/Non-Circulating): G1046.E1 P71 1989

Countries and their cultures. Melvin Ember and Carol R. Ember, eds. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2001.
SMATHERS LIBRARY Reference: GN307 .C68 2001

Encyclopedia of Africa south of the Sahara. John Middleton, ed. New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1997.
SMATHERS LIBRARY Reference: DT351 .E53 1997

Encyclopedia of world cultures. David Levinson, editor in chief. Boston, MA: G. K. Hall, 1991-1996 & 2002 supplement.
SMATHERS LIBRARY Reference: GN307 .E53 1991
SMATHERS LIBRARY Reference: GN307 .E53x 1991 suppl. 2002

Kenya guide. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Open Road Publishing, c2000.
SMATHERS LIBRARY Reference: DT433.52 .V33 2000

Let's go. South Africa. New York: St. Martin's Press, c1999-
SMATHERS LIBRARY Reference: DT1717 .L48

Rough guide to Tanzania. London: Rough Guides, 2002.
SMATHERS LIBRARY Reference: DT437.7 .F56 2002

Travellers' guide to Nigeria. Ikeja, Nigeria: Africa Pilgrims' Books, c1997.
SMATHERS LIBRARY Reference: DT515.2 .O55 1997

2. Statistics & development indicators

Once you have selected a group or country to concentrate on, you may want to compare their situation to others with statistical overviews and development indicators.

Statistical handbook on poverty in the developing world. Chandrika Kaul and Valerie Tomaselli-Moschovitis. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press, 1999.
Poverty--Developing countries--Statistics.
LIBRARY WEST, Reference (Non-Circulating): HC59.72.P6 S73 1999

United Nations Statistics Division [Electronic data and program]. New York, NY: United Nations, c2000.
Alternate title(s): UNSTATS; UN common database; UNCDB; United Nations common database (UNCDB); UN Statistics Division common database. Electronic access only:

3. Bibliographies, indexes & abstracts

Use some of these research tools to get more specific and in-depth information.

Africa bibliography. Manchester, England: Manchester University Press, 1985- Frequency: Annual
LIBRARY WEST, Reference (Non-Circulating): Z3501 .A37

Africa Urban Spaces: History and Culture. Web site with chapter summaries and conference paper abstracts relating to:
Andrew Burton, ed. 2002. The Urban Experience in Eastern Africa, c.1750-2000. Nairobi: British Institute in Eastern Africa. ISBN 1-872566-26-X.
LIBRARY WEST: DT365.5 .U73 2002

Annual review of anthropology. Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews Inc. 1972-
Also available electronically (see library e-journals list):
01/01/1995 to present in Wilson Select Full Text Plus
01/01/1996 to 1 year ago in Academic Search Premier
1972 to present in Annual Reviews and JSTOR.
LIBRARY WEST: 301.205 A615

International development abstracts. Norwich (Norfolk): Geo Abstracts, c1982- Frequency: Six no. a year. Publishing history: 1982/1-
Developing countries--Abstracts--Periodicals.
LIBRARY WEST, Reference (Non-Circulating): HC59.69 .I57

4. Electronic resources: academic databases, newspapers, journals & indexes

Browse the Key Resources in African Studies and Key Resources in Anthropology pages for electronic books, journals, indexes, databases and other frequently used resources, which for the most part are accessible only to UF-affiliated users (use your GatorLink account, a campus networked workstation or the proxy server from a private ISP). See the library's Connecting from Off-Campus page if you need additional help.

Urban forum, an academic journal on urban issues and policies, is published in South Africa and is available in electronic form, full text from 2001-present (six month delay).

Newspapers (in original paper or on microfilm) in the library can be identified using keywords (esp. the city of interest) from the Advanced Search option in the library catalog: select "newspaper" under "limit format by..." News digests such as Africa Confidential can also be a good way to identify topics of interest for further research. Other sources for current issues in the news include:

Electronic newspapers from Africa can be identified using the following:

  • Abyz news links (a commercial site with a few text-based advertisements) includes many electronic papers from Africa on its site. Eleven papers from Accra are included (organized by region), but without notes to provide context.
  • Columbia University Library's African Resources site includes an Electronic Newspapers of Africa page, which is an excellent source for finding African newspapers in electronic form (organized alphabetically, with excellent annotations).
  • Various current events, news & mass communications resources for Africa are available on the Current events page (see Africana Collection Contents page).

5. Maps & special collections (rare books, manuscripts)

Graduate students may wish to consider using primary materials available through the Department of Special and Area Studies Collections. Local manuscript resources relating to Africa are listed, but the Berner (Accra, Dakar, Johannesburg, Marrakech photographs and postcards from c. 1942-44) and Rikli (photos of Addis Ababa, 1935-36) papers may be the most relevant. Travellers' accounts (including hunters, adventurers, traders, missionaries and early tourists) and promotional publications from colonial expositions may be available in the rare books collection or in the general collections as later or reprint editions, microfilm, etc.

Atlases or current and antique maps from the Map & Imagery Library may also prove to be useful resources for your work. In less than an hour, I reviewed the atlas collection in the Map & Imagery Library and identified a wide variety of African city maps in the following sources (some are available in other library locations as noted):

A-Z street map, Cape Town; cartography by Mark Hedington, Ralvin Richards, Dhana Velaydum. Rivonia, South Africa: MapStudio, <c1999>. Scale 1:20,000.
Subjects, geographic: Cape Town Metropolitan Area (South Africa) -- Maps.
Atlases G2569.C3 M2 1999

Atlas de la République unie du Cameroun. Georges Laclavère (ed.). Paris: Éditions J.A., 1979. (Les Atlas Jeune Afrique).
Subjects, geographic: Cameroon -- Maps.
Atlases G2635 .A78 1979

Atlas du Mali. Mamadou Traoré (ed.). Paris: Éditions J.A., c1980. (Les Atlas Jeune Afrique).
Subjects, geographic: Mali -- Maps.
Atlases G2675 .A841 1980

An atlas of African history. J. D. Fage. 2d ed. New York: Africana Publishing Company, 1978.
Subjects, geographic: Africa -- Historical geography -- Maps.
Atlases G2446.S1 F3 1978

Civitates Orbis Terrarum. Braun, Georg. Aden, Mombaza, Quiloa, Cefala. Cologne, Braun and Hogenberg 1572-1618. [Illustrated views of major ports of the east coast of Africa and Arabia. Important Indian Ocean trading ports initially controlled by Arabs and then the Portuguese beginning with Vasco de Gama]. Norwich Map #332.
Subjects, geographic: Aden -- Maps -- Early Works to 1800.
Subjects, geographic: Mombasa (Kenya) -- Maps -- Early Works to 1800.
Subjects, geographic: Nova Sofala (Mozambique) -- Maps -- Early Works to 1800.
Subjects, geographic: Africa, Eastern -- Maps -- Early Works to 1800.
Subjects, geog(maps): Early maps -- Africa, Eastern -- 1572.
Subjects, geog(maps): Early maps -- Aden -- 1572.
Subjects, geog(maps): Africa, Eastern -- Early Maps -- 1572.
Subjects, geog(maps): Aden -- Early maps -- 1572.
Subjects, geog(maps): Mombasa (Kenya) -- Early Maps -- 1572.
Subjects, geog(maps): Early maps -- Mombasa (Kenya) -- 1572.
Subjects, geog(maps): Early maps -- Nova Sofala (Mozambique) -- 1572.
Subjects, geog(maps): Nova Sofala (Mozambique) -- Early maps -- 1572.

Civitates orbis terrarum, 'The towns of the world,' 1572-1618 [by] Braun & Hogenberg. With an introd. by R. A. Skelton. Cleveland, World Pub. Co., 1966 <c1965> (Mirror of the world, 1st ser., v. 1-3).
Subjects, general: Cities and towns.
Subjects, general: Cities and towns -- Maps -- To 1800.
Subjects, general: Cities and towns, Medieval.
Subjects, general: Early maps -- Facsimiles.
Atlases G1028 .B7 1966; Special Collections Rare Books 301.364 M676, ser.1, v.1-3 folio

Facsimile-atlas to the early history of cartography with reproductions of the most important maps printed in the XV and XVI centuries [by] A. E. Nordenskiöld. Translated from the Swedish original by Johan Adolf Ekelöf and Clements R. Markham. With a new introd. by J. B. Post. New York, Dover Publications [1973].
Subjects, general: Early maps -- Facsimiles.
Subjects, general: Early maps.
Subjects, general: Cartography -- History.
Atlases G1025 .N72 1973
Special Collections Florida History F912.759 N832f 1973

Geografia dell'Africa. Venice 1588. With an introd. by R. A. Skelton. [Amsterdam] Theatrum orbis terrarum [1965]. Sanuto, Livio, 1520-1576. (Theatrum orbis terrarum; a series of atlases in facsimile, 2d ser., v. 1).
Subjects, general: Geography -- Early works to 1800.
Subjects, geographic: Africa -- Description and travel.
Atlases G1015 .S5 ser.2 v.1

Greater Harare street guide, including buildings and industrial areas. Harare [Zimbabwe]: Munn Publishing (Pvt), [1991]. Scale 1:33,333.
Subjects, geographic: Harare (Zimbabwe) -- Maps.
Atlases G2574.H37 G731 1991

Kenya from space: an aerial atlas. Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing (Kenya) and Centre de Recherche, d'Echanges et de Documentation Universitaire (France); with an introduction by David Andere. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers, 1992.
Subjects, geographic: Kenya -- Maps.
Subjects, geographic: Kenya -- Photographs from space.
Subjects, geographic: Kenya -- Geography.
Atlases G2530 .K461 1992

Lagos street atlas. London; New York: Macmillan Publishers, 1985. Scale 1:10,000.
Subjects, geographic: Lagos (Nigeria) -- Maps.
Atlases G2699.L3 M3 1985

Liberia in maps. Stefan von Gnielinski (ed.). New York, Africana Pub. Corp. [c1972].
Subjects, geographic: Liberia -- Maps.
Atlases G2720 .G55 1972b

Maputo (Mozambique). Endereçamento da cidade de Maputo: guia das vias. 1997. Maputo : Célula de Endereçamento ; Paris, France: Groupe Huit, 1997. Scale [ca. 1:33,333].
Subjects, geographic: Maputo (Mozambique) -- Maps.
Atlases G2554.M3 M3 1997

The new atlas of African history. G.S.P. Freeman-Grenville. New York : Simon & Schuster, c1991.
Subjects, geographic: Africa -- Historical geography -- Maps.
Atlases G2446.S1 F73 1991; SMATHERS Reference G2446.S1 F73 1991

A new primary social studies atlas for Uganda. Oxford: Heinemann Educational Publishers ; Kampala : Rorash Educational Publishers, 1996.
Subjects, geographic: Uganda -- Maps.
Atlases G2535 .H441 1996

Nigeria in maps. K.M. Barbour et al. (eds.). London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1982.
Subjects, geographic: Nigeria -- Maps.
Subjects, geographic: Nigeria -- Economic conditions -- Maps.
Subjects, geographic: Nigeria -- Social conditions -- Maps.
Atlases G2695 .N6 1982b

Norwich's maps of Africa: an illustrated and annotated carto-bibliography. Oscar I. Norwich; bibliographical descriptions by Pam Kolbe. 2nd ed. rev. and edited by Jeffrey C. Stone. Norwich, Vt.: Terra Nova Press, 1997.
Subjects, general: Norwich, I. -- Map collections -- Catalogs.
Subjects, geographic: Africa -- Maps -- Bibliography -- Catalogs.
SMATHERS Reference GA1341 .N671 1997; Map & Imagery Library Reference GA1341 .N671 1997

6. Subject headings

Look at the FULL VIEW of a catalog record to see details about the item, including the complete call number, subject headings describing it, table of contents information if available, video synopses, etc. These can provide you with further leads as you develop your research strategy through keyword, author (personal or corporate/institutional) or subject heading searches. The examples below can be used either as advanced searches as is or as a model for developing more effective keyword searching.

Author searches (examples of a few corporate authors that may be useful models):

Centre for Urban Research (Nairobi, Kenya)

United Nations Human Settlements Programme

Lonely Planet Publications (Firm)

Subject searches:

Subjects, geographic (Use the form entry for "Browse Organized Lists" then select "Subject, geographic"):

Accra (Ghana) -- Social conditions
Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) -- Social conditions
Africa -- Description and travel
Africa, English-speaking West -- Description and travel
Africa, French-speaking West -- Colonial influence
Cape Town Metropolitan Area (South Africa) -- Maps
Cape Town (South Africa) -- Bibliography
Cape Town (South Africa) -- Guidebooks
Dakar (Senegal) -- Social conditions
Dar es Salaam Region (Tanzania) -- Maps
Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) -- Tanzania -- Social life and customs
Freetown (Sierra Leone)
Gambia -- Guidebooks
Harare (Zimbabwe) -- Maps, tourist
Harare (Zimbabwe) -- Newspapers
Harare (Zimbabwe) -- Social conditions
Johannesburg (South Africa)
Kampala (Uganda) -- Politics and government
Kinshasa (Congo)
Lagos (Nigeria)
Monrovia (Liberia) -- Remote-sensing maps
Nairobi (Kenya) -- Economic conditions
Nigeria -- Social conditions -- Maps
South Africa -- Pictorial works

Subjects, general: (Use the form entry for "Browse Organized Lists" then select "Subject, LC")

Africa -- Social conditions -- 1960-
Associations, institutions, etc. -- Africa
Cities and towns -- Africa
Cities and towns -- Africa -- Bibliography
Cities and towns -- Africa -- Growth
Cities and towns -- Africa -- Growth -- Case studies
Cities and towns -- Africa -- Growth -- Congresses
Cities and towns -- Africa -- History
Cities and towns -- Africa, Sub-Saharan
Cities and towns -- Africa, Sub-Saharan -- Congresses
Cities and towns -- Africa, Sub-Saharan -- Growth -- Bibliography
City and town life -- Africa -- History -- Congresses
City planning -- Africa
City planning -- Africa, Sub-Saharan
City planning -- Africa, Sub-Saharan -- Congresses
Exposition coloniale internationale de Paris (1931)
Globalization -- Social aspects -- Africa -- Congresses
Housing -- Africa, Sub-Saharan -- Congresses
Human geography -- Africa
Informal sector (Economics) -- Africa
Informal sector (Economics) -- Africa, Sub-Saharan -- Congresses
Land use, Urban -- Africa, Sub-Saharan
Municipal government -- Africa
Municipal services -- Africa
Non-governmental organizations -- Africa
Pollution -- Africa
Regional planning -- Africa
Sewage -- Purification -- Sahel
Social change -- Africa
Sociology, Urban -- Africa
Spatial behavior -- Africa
Urban policy -- Africa
Urban policy -- Africa, Sub-Saharan
Urban poor -- Government policy -- Developing countries -- Case studies
Urban poor -- Services for -- Developing countries -- Case studies
Urbanization -- Africa -- Bibliography
Urbanization -- Africa -- History
Urbanization -- Africa -- History -- Congresses
Urbanization -- Africa, Sub-Saharan
Urbanization -- Africa, Sub-Saharan -- Bibliography
Urbanization -- Environmental aspects -- Africa
Voluntarism -- Africa

7. Advanced keyword searching

The advanced keyword search screen in the library catalog is a helpful tool for narrowing searches. Using the examples above, for instance, you may find that exact phrases ("urban poor" "environmental aspects" "informal sector") can be very effectively combined with individual terms (your city or area of interest, or a second phrase such as "Cape Town Metropolitan Area") to create a search that leads you directly to a few highly relevant sources. There are more than 500 titles in the library's collection of the World bibliographical series and nearly 400 titles beginning with Historical dictionary of.... Use these terms as exact phrases in advanced searches along with keywords for your city or country.

African cities planned by colonial powers, idealized in world's fairs and studied on the ground

Alphabetical List of World's Fairs by City (CSU-Fresno, Special Collections Library)

Benedict, Burton. The anthropology of world's fairs: San Francisco's Panama Pacific International Exposition of 1915. Berkeley, Calif.: Lowie Museum of Anthropology and Scolar Press, 1983.
MSL Oversize TC781.B2 B47 1983

Boma-Tervuren, le voyage. Cobra Films. New York, NY: ArtMattan Productions, 1999. [A film revisits the extraordinary and tragic saga of 267 Congolese in the 1897 World's Fair, and the question: How is the conception about the Africans different today?].
SMATHERS Reference (video) DT650.B66 B65 1999

Burke, Bridget, Cathy Serafica and Martha Higgins (compilers). 2005. Revisiting the World's Fairs and International Expositions: A Selected Bibliography, 1992-2004. Smithsonian Institution Libraries. [Available online via].

Çelik, Zeynep. Displaying the Orient: Architecture of Islam at nineteenth-century world's fairs. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992. [Available via History E-Book Project at]

----- and Leila Kinney. 1990.Ethnography and Exhibitionism at the Expositions Universelles.” Assemblage 13: 34-59 (Dec.). [Available via JSTOR:

Cooper, Frederick and Ann L. Stoler (eds.). Tensions of empire: colonial cultures in a bourgeois world. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1997. [Available via History E-Book Project at;cc=acls;idno=heb02494.0001.001;view=toc]

Corbey, Raymond. 1993. “Ethnographic Showcases, 1870-1930.” Cultural Anthropology 8(3): 338-369 (Aug). [Available via JSTOR:].

Curtin, Philip D. 1992. "Medical knowledge and urban planning in colonial tropical Africa." In Feierman, Steven and John M. Janzen (eds.). The Social basis of health and healing in Africa. Berkeley: University of California Press.
WEST BOOK RA418.3.A35 S63 1992

Design, Politics and Commerce International Exhibitions 1851-1951. (Resources in Special Collections, University of Glasgow Library).

Elleh, Nnamdi. African architecture: Evolution and transformation. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996, 1997.
AFA LIBRARY NA1580 .E44 1996

Exposition universelle de 1900--guide Lemercier: Dictionnaire pratique des objets exposés et des attractions. Publié par les concessionnaires du catalogue officiel. 25 plans - 100 photographies. Paris: Lemercier, Ludovic Baschet, [1900].
STORAGE 606 P232e 1900

Falola, Toyin. "Nigeria: Urban Housing." Greenwood Publishing Group. [Available via Daily Life Online at Note: For trial access during September 2005 go to: enter username “uflib” password “library” then click on Submit.]

Fuller, Mia. 1988. "Building Power: Italy's Colonial Architecture and Urbanism, 1923-1940." Cultural Anthropology 3(4):455-487 (Nov.). [Available via JSTOR:].

Greenhalgh, Paul. Ephemeral vistas: The expositions universelles, great exhibitions and world's fairs, 1851-1939. New York: St. Martin's Press, c1988.
WEST BOOK T395.G745 1988

Hansen, Karen Tranberg. Keeping house in Lusaka. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996.
WEST BOOK GN657.R4 H36 1996

Hess, Janet. 2000. “Imagining Architecture: The structure of nationalism in Accra, Ghana,” Africa Today 47(2): 35–58.

Horvath, R. V. 1969. "In search of a theory of urbanisation: Notes on the colonial city." East Lakes Geographer 5:69-82. [Item available via ILL from FSU library, call number HB3 .E18].

King, Anthony D. Colonial urban development: Culture, social power and environment. Boston: Routledge & Paul, 1976.

-----. 1995. “Writing Colonial Space. A Review Article.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 37(3): 541-554. (Jul.). Available via JSTOR:

Mason, Otis T. 1890. “Anthropology in Paris during the Exposition of 1889.” American Anthropologist 3(1): 27-36 (Jan.). Available via JSTOR:

Morton, Patricia A. 1998. "National and Colonial: The Musée des Colonies at the Colonial Exposition, Paris, 1931." The Art Bulletin 80(2):357-377 (June). [Available via JSTOR:].

-----. Hybrid modernities: Architecture and representation at the 1931 Colonial Exposition, Paris. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2000. [via NetLibrary]. NA6750.P4 E956 2000

Palermo, Lynn E. "Identity under construction: Representing the colonies at the Paris Exposition Universelle of 1889." In Peabody and Stovall, 2003: Peabody, Sue and Tyler Stovall (eds.). The color of liberty: Histories of race in France. Durham: Duke University Press, 2003.
Latin America DC34.C59 2003

Pellow, Deborah. 2003. "New Spaces in Accra: Transnational houses." City & Society 15(1):59-86. [Available via AnthroSource:].

Rydell, Robert W. All the world's a fair: Visions of empire at American international expositions, 1876-1916. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.
MSL T395.5.U6 R93 1984

----- and Nancy Gwinn (eds.). Fair representations: World's fairs and the modern world. Amsterdam: VU University Press, 1994.
WEST BOOK T395.F35 1994

Scheld, Suzanne. 2003. “The City in a Shoe: redefining urban Africa through Sebago footwear consumption.” City & Society 15(1):109-130 (Jan.). [Available via AnthroSource:].

Smithsonian Institution Libraries. The books of the fairs: Materials about world's fairs, 1834-1916, in the Smithsonian Institution Libraries. Chicago: American Library Association, 1992.
AFA LIBRARY T395.S541 1992

Troutman, John W. and Nancy J. Parezo. 1998. “The Overlord of the Savage World: Anthropology and the Press at the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition.” Museum Anthropology 22(2):17-34 (Sept.). [Available via AnthroSource:].

World's Fair and Exposition Information and Reference Guide

Wright, Gwendolyn. The politics of design in French colonial urbanism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.
AFA LIBRARY NA1590.2.M44 W75 1991

-----. 1997. "Tradition in the Service of Modernity: Architecture and Urbanism in French Colonial Policy, 1900-1930." Chapter 9 (pp. 322-345) In Cooper and Stoler 1997. Available via History e-book project at;cc=acls;idno=heb02494.0001.001;view=toc]

Yengoyan, Aram A. 1997. “Universalism and Utopianism. A Review Article.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 39(4): 785-798 (Oct.). [Available via JSTOR:].

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